High-Risk Pregnancy – Factors:
Make an appointment.A pregnancy can be considered a high-risk pregnancy for a variety of reasons. Factors can be divided into maternal and fetal.
Maternal risk factors include,
- Age (younger than age 15, older than age 35)
- Weight (pre-pregnancy weight under 100 lb or obesity)
- Height (under five feet)
- History of complications during previous pregnancies (including stillbirth, fetal loss, preterm labour and/or delivery, small-for-gestational-age baby, large baby, pre-eclampsia or eclampsia)
- More than five previous pregnancies
- Bleeding during the third trimester
- Abnormalities of the reproductive tract
- Uterine fibroids
- Rh incompatibility
- Gestational diabetes
- Infections of the vagina and/or cervix
- Kidney infection
- Acute surgical emergency (appendicitis, gallbladder disease, bowel obstruction)
- Post-term pregnancy
- Pre-existing chronic illness (such as asthma, autoimmune disease, cancer, sickle cell anaemia, tuberculosis, herpes, AIDS, heart disease, kidney disease, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, diabetes)
- Infection (especially herpes simplex, viral hepatitis, mumps, rubella, varicella, syphilis, toxoplasmosis, and infections caused by coxsackievirus);
- Damaging medications (especially phenytoin, folic acid antagonists, lithium, streptomycin, tetracycline, thalidomide, and warfarin)
- Addictive substances (cigarette smoking, alcohol intake, and illicit or abused drugs).
A pregnancy is also considered high-risk when prenatal tests indicate that the baby has a serious health problem (for example, a heart defect). In such cases, the mother will need special tests, and possibly medication, to carry the baby safely through to delivery. Furthermore, certain maternal or fetal problems may prompt a physician to deliver a baby early or to choose a surgical delivery (cesarian section) rather than a vaginal delivery.
To know more make an appointment and solve the problems.